DISASTROUS CAMPAIGNS 413
surrender, but at a conference held under its walls
General Sisianoff was treacherously assassinated. Mean-
while Ganja had surrendered to Abbas Mirza, but was
retaken by the Russians. The campaign dragged on
with indecisive results, although the Russians occupied
the greater part of the disputed territories, but they were
repulsed a second time with loss from before Erivan.
The Persians were anxious to engage the services of
General Malcolm, but this was not permitted. He gave
them, however, the wise advice to keep their artillery and
newly raised infantry for the defence of fortresses, and to
raise swarms of light horsemen to harass and distress the
The Battle of Aslanduz, 1812.—In 1812 a decisive
battle was fought. Sir Gore Ouseley, who was attempting
to act as mediator, having heard that Great Britain had
concluded peace with Russia, ordered the British officers
to leave the Persian service, but so far yielded to Persian
entreaties as to allow Christie and Lindsay to remain.
The Persian army was at Aslanduz on the Araxes, and
there it was surprised in' broad daylight by a Russian
column consisting of only 2300 men with six guns.
Christie formed up the infantry and was holding his own,
when Abbas Mirza, thinking all was lost, directed him to
retreat; upon his demurring, the Persian heir-apparent
himself galloped up, seized the colours of a regiment and
ordered the men to retire. The artillery was also
compelled to follow, and but for the action of Lindsay,
who dashed into the camp and seized some rounds of
ammunition, would have been useless. Abbas Mirza
made the disaster complete by giving wildly contradictory
commands, and as a result his army was annihilated.
Gallant Christie, wounded in the neck, was killed by the
enemy. Lenkoran, the next Russian objective, was taken
at the end of the year. After these two disasters the
Persians were disheartened and thought of making peace.
The Treaty of Gulistan> 1813.—At the request of the
Russian Governor-General of Georgia, Sir Gore Ouseley
used his good offices, and on the I2th of October, 1813,
a treaty was signed. Its terms were disastrous to Persia.